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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1330\margr5362\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn3429\margrsxn5391\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw1350\colsr1825\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-9\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 MIHIRAKULA}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 281}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1330\margrsxn5362\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4\fi0\ri0\sb212\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Mihirakula}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi450\ri0\sb115\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Torarnana was succeeded by his son, Mihirakula \expndtw0 (-gula), who is represented in traditions as a great tyrant, \expndtw6 taking fiendish delight in acts of brutality. According \expndtw3 to Yuan Chwang, he \i (Mo-hi-lo-ki-lo) \i0 persecuted the \expndtw5 peaceful Buddhists and mercilessly destroyed and \expndtw6 plundered their \i stupas \i0 and monasteries. He attacked \expndtw2 king Baladitya of Magadha, but was defeated, taken prisoner, and subsequently released. Mihirakula then \expndtw0 sought safety in Kashmir and received a very generous \expndtw12 treatment at the hands of its ruler. The refugee, \expndtw6 however, misused the kindness shown to him, and by \expndtw1 his machinations soon seized the throne of his benefac\-\expndtw2 tor. Mihirakula could not long enjoy the fruits of his \expndtw6 usurpation, and within a year his death took place, \expndtw4 heralded by portents. It is difficult to disentangle the \expndtw1 kernel of fact from the husk of legend in the Chinese \expndtw12 pilgrim's testimony. We do not even know with \expndtw6 certitude who this Baladitya was, except that he was \expndtw10 not identical with Narasimhagupta Baladitya. The \expndtw1 latter ruled before 473 A.D. (G.E. 154), the date record\-\expndtw10 ed for his successor Kumaragupta II. In that age \expndtw-2 Baladitya was a common royal epithet and both the Deo-\expndtw1 Baranark inscription of Jrvitagupta II\super 1\nosupersub  and the Sarnath \expndtw3 inscription of Prakataditya\super 2\nosupersub  refer to a king or kings of \expndtw8 this name. Indeed, R. D. Banerji may be right in \expndtw9 identifying the Baladitya of these inscriptions with \expndtw5 the one mentioned by Yuan Chwang.\super 3\nosupersub  Whatever his \expndtw3 other achievements, Baladitya was certainly successful \expndtw4 in repelling the invasion of Mihirakula.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li43\fi0\ri0\sb158\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Yafodharman}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li464\fi0\ri0\sb101\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Here we must pause to consider the information}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li371\fi0\ri0\sb202\sa0\sl-205\slmult0\tx479 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw7 CJ.I.\sub y\nosupersub  \i0 Ill, no. 46, pp. 213-18.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li371\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-205\slmult0\tx479 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw4 Ibid.., \i0 no. 79, pp. 284-86.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li371\fi0\ri0\sb4\sa0\sl-205\slmult0\tx479 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex72\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 3{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\charscalex87\expndtw6 Prehistoric, Ancient and Hindu India, \i0 p. 194,}\par }